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Salmon Trout Watershed Restoration Project Survey

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Rating of Water Quality
Overall, how would you rate the quality of the water in your area?
Poor Okay Good Don't Know
1. For canoeing / kayaking / other boating
2. For eating locally caught fish
3. For swimming
4. For picnicking and family activities
5. For fish habitat
6. For scenic beauty
7. Please enter your unique identifier-code here {included in mailing materials}. Doing so informs us that you have completed the survey. The information you provide below is confidential and will never be linked to your name, only to this code.
Your Water Resources
1. Of these activities, which is the most important to you?
For canoeing / kayaking / other boating
For eating locally caught fish
For swimming
For picnicking and family activities
For fish habitat
For scenic beauty
2. Do you know where the rain water goes when it runs off of your property?
No
Yes
3. If you answered 'Yes' above, where does your rain water drain to?
Your Opinions
Please indicate your level of agreement or disagreement with the statements below.
Strongly Disagree Disagree Neither Agree nor Disagree Agree Strongly Agree
1. The way that I care for my lawn and yard can influence water quality in local streams and lakes.
2. It is my personal responsibility to help protect water quality.
3. It is important to protect water quality even if it slows economic development.
4. I would be willing to pay more to improve water quality (for example: though local taxes or fees)
5. I would be willing to change the way I care for my lawn and yard to improve water quality.
6. The quality of life in my community depends on good water quality in local streams, rivers and lakes.
7. Protecting water quality is important to my business.
Water Impairments
Below is a list of water pollutants and conditions that are generally present in water bodies to some extent. The pollutants and conditions become a problem when present in excessive amounts. In your opinion, how much of a problem are the following water impairments in your area?
Not a Problem Slight Problem Moderate Problem Severe Problem Don't Know
1. Sedimentation (dirt and soil) in the water
2. Bacteria and viruses in the water (such as E.coli / coliform)
3. Trash or debris in the water
4. Salt / TDS / Chlorides
5. Oil and grease.
6. Heavy metals
7. Algae in the water
8. Invasive aquatic plants and animals
9. Habitat alteration harming local fish
10. High water temperature
11. Pesticides
12. Nitrogen and phosphorus {typically from fertilizer runoff}
13. Flow alteration {ex culverts}
Sources of Water Pollution
The items listed below are sources of water quality pollution across the country. In your opinion, how much of a problem are the following sources in your area?
Not a Problem Slight Problem Moderate Problem Severe Problem Don't Know
1. Discharges from industry into streams and lakes
2. Drainage from mines
3. Soil erosion from construction sites
4. Soil erosion from shorelines and/or streambanks
5. Excessive use of lawn fertilizers and/or pesticides
6. Grass clippings and leaves entering storm drains
7. Improper disposal of used motor oil and/or antifreeze
8. Improperly maintained septic systems
9. Stormwater runoff from rooftops and/or parking lots
10. Stormwater runoff from streets and/or highways
11. Street salt and sand
12. Droppings from geese, ducks and other waterfowl
13. Waste material from pets
14. Littering/illegal dumping of trash
15. Timber harvesting/residue management
16. Forest management (e.g. pumped drainage, fertilization, pesticide application)
17. Road construction and maintenance for timber harvesting
18. Construction of highways, roads, bridges
19. Land development or redevelopment
20. Urban stormwater runoff
21. Surface mining
22. Subsurface mining
23. Mine tailings
24. Abandoned mine drainage
25. Sand/gravel mining
26. Channelization of streams
27. Dam construction
28. Upstream impoundment of water
29. Flow regulation/modification
30. Streambank or shoreline modification/destabilization
31. Drainage/filling of wetlands
32. Groundwater withdrawal
33. Atmospheric deposition
34. Yard maintenance
Additional Sources of Water Pollution
35. Are there other sources of water pollution that were not mentioned above?
Consequences of Poor Water Quality
Poor water quality can lead to a variety of consequences for communities. In your opinion, how much of a problem are the following issues in your area?
Not a Problem Slight Problem Moderate Problem Severe Problem Don't Know
1. Contaminated drinking water
2. Beach closures
3. Contaminated fish
4. Loss of desirable fish species
5. Reduced beauty of lakes or streams
6. Reduced opportunities for water recreation
7. Reduced quality of water recreation activities
8. Excessive aquatic plants or algae
9. Fish kills
10. Odor
11. Lower property values
Practices to Improve Water Quality
Please indicate which statement most accurately describes your level of experience with each practice listed below.
Not relevant for my property Never heard of it Somewhat familiar with it Know how to use it; not using it Currently use it
1. Following the manufacturer's instructions when fertilizing lawn or garden
2. Keep grass clippings and leaves out of the roads, ditches, and gutters
3. Follow pesticide application instructions for lawn and garden
4. Use phosphate free fertilizer
5. Regular servicing of septic system
6. Properly dispose of pet waste
7. Use rain barrels
8. Inspect septic system for size and condition
9. Establish grass cover for septic system
10. Not planting trees and shrubs over septic system
11. Use direct seeding to reduce erosion
12. Construct a sediment basin to reduce erosion
13. Use a field ditch for surface drainage to reduce erosion
14. Use main or lateral surface drainage to reduce erosion
15. Plant trees to reduce erosion
16. Use a grassed waterway to reduce erosion and soil loss
17. Use a water and sediment control basin to trap sediment below a critical area
18. Plant trees/shrubs
19. Restore native plant communities
20. Use direct seedling to plant trees and/or herbaceous cover
21. Implement stand improvement practices
22. Follow an approved forest management plan
23. Create wetland
24. Restore/enhance wetland
25. Restore natural channel
26. Stabilize natural channel
27. Plant vegetated riparian buffer
28. Plant forested riparian buffer
29. Plant herbaceous riparian buffer
30. Maintain riparian buffer
31. Improve stream corridor
32. Protect streambanks and/or shorelines with structures
33. Improve stream habitat
34. Improve upland wildlife habitat
35. Improve wetland for wildlife
36. Restore and/or manage declining habitats
37. Use vegetated filter strips
38. Use grass swales
39. Use infiltration device
40. Do weekly street sweeping
41. Use porous pavement
42. Use concrete grid pavement
43. Monitor well
44. Create and/or maintain snow fence
Specific Constraints of Practices
Vegetated Streambank/Shoreline Protection : Maintaining vegetation that grows along streams, rivers or lakes acts as a protective buffer between the land and the water to reduce runoff and sediments flowing into the water.
1. How familiar are you with this practice?
Not relevant
Never heard of it
Somewhat familiar with it
Know how to use it; not using it
Currently use it
2. If the practice is not relevant, please explain why.
3. Are you willing to try this practice?
Yes or already do
Maybe
No
How much do the following factors limit your ability to implement this practice?
Not at all A little Some A lot Don't Know
4. Don't know how to do it
5. Time required
6. Cost
7. The features of my property make it difficult
8. Insufficient proof of water quality benefit
9. Desire to keep things the way they are
10. Physical or health limitations
11. Hard to use with my farming system
12. Lack of equipment
Roof Runoff Management : Collecting runoff from roofs in a rain barrel or directing it a rain garden so it can infiltrate and not leave your property.
13. How familiar are you with this practice?
Not relevant
Never heard of it
Somewhat familiar with it
Know how to use it; not using it
Currently use it
14. If the practice is not relevant, please explain why.
15. Are you willing to try this practice?
Yes or already do
Maybe
No
How much do the following factors limit your ability to implement this practice?
Not at all A little Some A lot Don't Know
16. Don't know how to do it
17. Time required
18. Cost
19. The features of my property make it difficult
20. Insufficient proof of water quality benefit
21. Desire to keep things the way they are
22. Physical or health limitations
23. Hard to use with my farming system
24. Lack of equipment
Making Decisions for my Property
In general, how much does each issue limit your ability to change your management practices?
Not at all A little Some A lot Don't Know
1. Personal out-of-pocket expense
2. Lack of government funds for cost share
3. My own physical abilities
4. Not having access to the equipment that I need
5. Lack of available information about a practice
6. No one else I know is implementing the practice
7. Concerns about reduced yields
8. Approval of my neighbors
9. Don't want to participate in government programs
10. Requirements or restrictions of government programs
11. Possible interference with my flexibility to change land use practices as conditions warrant
12. Don't know where to get information and/or assistance about those practices
13. Environmental damage caused by practice
14. Legal restrictions on my property
15. I do not own the property
16. Concerns about resale value
17. Not being able to see a demonstration of the practice before I decide
18. The need to learn new skills or techniques
19. I do not own the mineral rights
20. Lack of knowledge about applicable laws
About Your Farm Operation
1. This year, how many acres of forest / woodland do you manage?  If none, please enter a zero.
Timber Operations
2. How many years have you been managing your forest for timber?
3. Did any family member own and operate your forested land before you did?
No
Yes
4. If you answered "yes" to the previous question, how many years has your land been in your family?
5. Five years from now, which statement will best describe your timber operations?
It will be about the same as it is today
It will be larger
It will be smaller
I do not know
6. Do you have a forest management plan for your property?
No
Yes
7. Who developed your forest management plan?
My Conservation District-Department, University Extension, or NRCS office
A private sector forester consultant
I created my own plan
I do not know
Other
About You
1. What is your gender?
Male
Female
2. What is your age?
3. What is the highest grade in school you have completed?
Some formal schooling
High school diploma/GED
Some college
2 year college degree
4 year college degree
Post-graduate degree
4. What was your total household income last year?
Less than $24,999
$25,000 to $49,999
$50,000 to $74,999
$75,000 to $99,999
$100,000 or more
5. Do you own or rent your home?
Own
Rent
6. How long have you lived at your current residence (years)?
7. Which of the following best describes where you live?
In a town, village, or city
In an isolated, rural, non-farm residence
Rural subdivision or development
On a farm
8. In addition to your residence, which of the following do you own or manage? (check all that apply)
An agricultural operation
Forested land
Rural recreational property
None of these
9. What is your ethnicity?
African American
American Indian
Asian/Asian American/Pacific Islander
Hispanic/Latino
White/Caucasian
Multi-racial
Other
10. Where are you likely to seek information about soil and water conservation issues? (Check all that apply)
Newsletters/brochure/factsheet
Internet
Radio
Workshops/demonstrations/meetings
Conversations with others
Trade publications/magazines
None of the above
11. Do you regularly read a local newspaper?
Yes
No
12. Is this your primary residence?
Yes
No
Information Sources
People get information about water quality from a number of different sources. To what extent do you trust those listed below as a source of information about soil and water?
Not at all Slightly Moderately Very much Am not familiar
1. Local watershed project
2. Soil and Water Conservation District
3. Local government
4. Natural Resources Conservation Service
5. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
6. University Extension
7. State agricultural agency
8. State environmental agency
9. Environmental groups
10. Local garden center
11. Lawn care company
12. Neighbors / friends
13. Other landowners / friends
14. State natural resources agency
15. County Health department
Septic Systems
1. Do you have a septic system?
No
Don't Know
Yes
2. If you answered 'yes' to the previous question, in what year was it installed?
3. Within the last five years, have you had any of the following problems? (Check all that apply)-
Slow drains
Sewage backup in house
Bad smells near tank or drain field
Sewage on the surface
Sewage flowing to ditch
Frozen septic
Other
None
Don't know
4. In the future, would you like a reminder from your local health department regarding inspection/maintenance of your septic system?
Yes
No
Don't know
5. How would you know if your septic system was NOT working properly? (Check all that apply)
Slow drains
Sewage backup in house
Bad smells
Toilet backs up
Wet spots in lawn
Pumping tank monthly or more
Straight pipe to ditch
Frozen septic
Don't know
Other
6. Do you think a local government agency should handle inspection and maintenance of septic systems?
Yes
No
Don't Know
Thank You
1. Please use the space below for any additional comments about this survey or water resources in your community.
2. Please enter the ID number that was included in the cover letter that you received.




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